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  • Cash & Livelihoods

    Peter Biro

    Research & Resources

    Reports on Cash and Livelihoods

    Cash and Livelihoods

    Our cash and livelihoods program works to ensure that displaced women and girls have safe economic opportunities to meet their basic needs, to recover from crisis and conflict, and to achieve self-reliance.

    Mainstreaming GBV Considerations in CBIs and Utilizing Cash in GBV Response thumbnail

    Mainstreaming GBV Considerations in CBIs and Utilizing Cash in GBV Response

    Toolkit for Optimizing Cash-based Interventions for Protection from Gender-based Violence

    By mainstreaming GBV considerations in CBIs throughout the program cycle and by utilizing cash within GBV case management services, cash can be optimized as a tool to enhance the protection of crisis- and conflict-affected populations and to mitigate risks of recurrent violence, to promote recovery, and to build resilience.
    CLARA: Designing Safer Livelihoods Programs in Iraq thumbnail

    CLARA: Designing Safer Livelihoods Programs in Iraq

    The CLARA tool captures GBV risks associated with livelihoods as well as potential risks arising from programs in response to crises. This report shares findings and recommendations from using the CLARA assessment tool in Iraq.
    Empowered and Safe thumbnail

    Empowered and Safe

    Economic Strengthening for Girls in Emergencies

    A framework for how economic strengthening can mitigate girls’ risk of gender-based violence, outlining promising practices from both humanitarian and development contexts.
    A Double-edged Sword: Livelihoods in Emergencies thumbnail

    A Double-edged Sword: Livelihoods in Emergencies

    For women in emergencies, assets can help overcome crises but can also quickly turn into liabilities. This review of current practices offers a draft tool to assess risks for individuals in livelihood assessments and programs.
    Urban Refugee Research and Social Capital thumbnail

    Urban Refugee Research and Social Capital

    In November 2012, the International Rescue Committee (IRC) and the Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) convened a roundtable discussion on urban refugee research. During the roundtable, seven main themes emerged, which are described in the first part of the report: 1) challenges for programming in urban environments; 2) urban mindset; 3) advocacy; 4) data for programming; 5) livelihoods; 6) role of private sector and technology; 7) and communities, social capital and networks.

    For the second part of the report, the issue of urban refugee communities and social networks was selected as the theme for a literature review. This analytical part of the report focuses on the possibilities and challenges of leveraging social capital and networks within urban refugee communities for improving advocacy, policy and programmatic efforts.

    Economic Empowerment of  Urban Refugee Youth: Guiding Principles thumbnail

    Economic Empowerment of Urban Refugee Youth: Guiding Principles

    In many countries in the Global South, rapid urbanization is giving rise to normalized daily violence and low-level armed conflict in densely populated slums. A sizeable minority of the people coping with these conditions are refugees aged 15-25. The urban context presents unique barriers to the economic success of displaced young women and men, but also some significant advantages.

    The Women's Refugee Commission has developed these guiding principles for building an enabling environment for urban refugee youth livelihoods, based on research in Cairo, Nairobi and Panama City.

    Integrating Protection/GBV Mitigation into Livelihood Programs Checklist thumbnail

    Integrating Protection/GBV Mitigation into Livelihood Programs Checklist

    Our research shows that new economic opportunities can increase women's and girls' risk of gender-based violence (GBV). Economic programmers can mitigate many of these risks by understanding how their programs expose women and girls to risk and then building protective elements into their program design and implementation to mitigate these risks as much as possible. This check-list highlights key mitigation steps for livelihoods interventions.
    Arrested Development: Colombian Youth in Panama thumbnail

    Arrested Development: Colombian Youth in Panama

    There are numerous young Colombian refugees living in Panama's cities. But urban violence and the lack of work or educational opportunities hold them back. Learn about our findings and recommendations to improve their prospects.

    Market Assessment Toolkit User Guide thumbnail

    Market Assessment Toolkit User Guide

    The Women’s Refugee Commission partnered with Columbia University’s School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) to develop introductory training materials to accompany the Market Assessment Toolkit for Vocational Training Providers and Youth. Our new “Step-by-Step Introduction to the Market Assessment Toolkit” offers guidance on how to use and adapt the toolkit efficiently and effectively in any conflict or post-conflict setting.

    Watch accompanying training videos:

    Part I - Introduction to the Toolkit

    Part II - Choosing Your Tools

    Part III - Market Observation Tool

    Part IV - Sector-Specific Interview Tool

    Dawn in the City: Guidance for Achieving Self-Reliance for Urban Refugees thumbnail

    Dawn in the City: Guidance for Achieving Self-Reliance for Urban Refugees

    More than 50 percent of refugees now live in urban areas. Eighty percent are hosted by developing nations and 42 percent reside in countries whose per capita GDP is below 3,000 USD. Arriving in cities that are unable to keep pace with the needs of their own burgeoning populations, most refugees live in poverty, in densely populated slums with few services. To help improve understanding of the reality urban refugees face, the Women’s Refugee Commission developed a guidance document that highlights both the livelihood and protection challenges and the opportunities for urban refugees.

    No Place to Go But Up: Urban Refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa thumbnail

    No Place to Go But Up: Urban Refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa

    As part of a year-long study on urban refugee livelihoods, the Women’s Refugee Commission undertook a field assessment trip to Johannesburg, South Africa, in March/April 2011. The assessment focused on refugees‘ economic coping strategies, associated protection risks and potential market opportunities. This study focused on Somali and Congolese refugees in the inner city and Zimbabwean refugees and poor South Africans in Alexander township.

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