Cash & Livelihoods

Peter Biro

CLARA: Designing Safer Livelihoods Programs in Iraq

CLARA: Designing Safer Livelihoods Programs in Iraq thumbnail
The CLARA tool captures GBV risks associated with livelihoods as well as potential risks arising from programs in response to crises. This report shares findings and recommendations from using the CLARA assessment tool in Iraq.



Full Report

Executive Summary


Summary Findings

The assets of the approximately 2.8 million people displaced within Iraq have been destroyed, transportation routes are more dangerous, and a deeply ingrained fear of strangers exacerbates social tensions. This has disrupted the livelihoods of both internally displaced persons and the host communities and limits what options remain.

Both the IDP and host communities attempt to protect women, and particularly adolescent girls, by restricting their mobility. This has limited women’s ability to participate in livelihoods and girls' ability to go to school, and they are mainly now confined to their homes.


Mainstreaming gender and gender risk analysis across the program’s duration enables agencies and practitioners to seize transformative opportunities and to build inclusive, safe, effective and responsive livelihood programs.

As men are the primary breadwinners in Iraq/KRI, support for their livelihoods is imperative for the recovery of both IDP and host families, as well as to gain allies for women’s livelihoods.

Because women tend to be confined to their homes for cultural reasons or due to insecurity, their livelihoods should be activities generally accepted as women’s work – for example, backyard farming, cattle and chickens that do not require grazing, dairy production and home-based businesses, particularly those where in-kind provision is possible. Direct participation in cash-for-work outside of the home may increase vulnerability for women.

  • Modified: Thursday, January 24, 2019
  • Published: