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CLARA: Designing Safer Livelihoods Programs in Iraq


During emergencies, crisis-affected communities leverage their assets to survive while navigating a complex landscape of changing power dynamics, unequal access to resources and information, and threats of violence and displacement. Livelihood interventions are a double-edged sword; assets can help people overcome crises and build resilience and self-sufficiency, but can also quickly turn into liabilities, increasing vulnerability to risks, including gender-based violence (GBV).

In April 2015, the Women’s Refugee Commission (WRC) partnered with Oxfam in Iraq/Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) to pilot the Cohort Livelihoods and Risk Analysis (CLARA) guidance and tool. Developed by the Women’s Refugee Commission, CLARA assesses needs, risks and opportunities, and highlights mitigation strategies for safer, more responsive humanitarian assistance.