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  • Women in Nepal

    Major Publication

    Fuel-Efficient Stoves: Report from Workshop in Darfur

    On September 25, 2007, a participatory workshop for 30 internally displaced women in Darfur on the subject of fuel-efficient stoves (FES) was facilitated by CHF and the Women's Commission/International Rescue Committee(IRC). The next day, an information-sharing workshop on FES programming for FES service providers and other NGOs, UN agencies, government ministries and other interested parties was held.

    Building Livelihoods: A Field Manual for Practitioners in Humanitarian Settings

    The long-awaited field manual developed to provide practitioners with usable information and helpful tools so that they can design and implement effective livelihood programs.

    Perils of Direct Provision: The UNHCR's Response to the Fuel Needs of Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal

    Report detailing a major alternative fuel development program for Bhutanese refugees in Nepal.

    Country at a Crossroads: Challenges Facing Young People in Sierra Leone Six Years after the War

    Six years after the war ended, young people in Sierra Leone continue to be marginalized and lack opportunities. The Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children traveled to Sierra Leone in February 2008 as part of its Youth Initiative to assess young people's needs, what services appear to be working, gaps in programming for young people and what more is needed.

    Living in Limbo: Burma's youth in Thailand see few opportunities to use education and vocational ski

    Our report on the educational needs of young people from Burma living in refugee camps in Thailand.

    Youth and Sustainable Livelihoods: Linking Vocational Training Programs to Market Opportunities...

    Vocational training (VT) is at the intersection of economic recovery, education and rehabilitation and reintegration.

    Peril or Protection: The Link Between Livelihoods and Gender-based Violence in Displacement Settings

    The Women's Refugee Commission undertook research to determine whether programs set up to provide women with safe alternative livelihoods do in fact reduce their exposure to violence.

    Cooking Fuel Needs in Haiti: A Rapid Assessment

    The Women's Refugee Commission and the World Food Programme undertook an assessment of cooking fuel needs in post-earthquake Haiti. This report contains the findings and recommendations.

    Schooling and Conflict in Darfur: A Snapshot of Basic Education Services for Displaced Children

    The Women's Refugee Commission partnered with the Population Council to provide a more accurate picture of the state of formal and non-formal education for displaced children of primary school age (6-14) in North and West Darfur.

    Starting from Scratch: The Challenges of Including Youth in Rebuilding Southern Sudan

    This report is based on an assessment in Southern Sudan in June 2010 to identify young women and men’s skills-building needs, challenges and opportunities; extract lessons learned from existing training programs; and document current and emerging demand for skills in the Southern Sudanese labor market.

    Cooking Fuel Saves Lives

    In complex emergencies, the humanitarian system tends to address issues of concern by focusing on individual sectors, such as health or food. However, the Women's Refugee Commission has found that when it comes to cooking fuel, an integrated approach is essential. Recognizing the cross-sectoral nature of cooking fuel, the Women's Refugee Commission and the InterAgency Standing Committee Task Force on Safe Access to Firewood and alternative Energy in Humanitarian Settings (SAFE task force) developed a framework outlining the key fuel-related challenges and solutions across eight sectors of humanitarian response. This comprehensive and holistic approach to all eight sectors is necessary to ensure that displaced women and their families have safe access to appropriate cooking fuel. Below is information on the camp coordination and camp management sector.

    The camp coordination and camp management (CCCM) sector is meant to improve living conditions for refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs) living in camps. It aims to ensure that they are provided with assistance and protection and that any gaps in services are identified and ad- dressed. Camp managers are also responsible for working with refugee leaders, host governments and local communities to mitigate potential concerns or incidents regarding access to land and natural resources.

    Shelter actors are typically responsible for overseeing the camp site selection and planning process, and for ensuring that shelter materials—usually wood poles, tarps and rope—are provided to beneficiaries when camps are being established. In many regions, they also coordinate the composition and distribution of non-food items, such as cooking pots and buckets for carrying water.

    Camps for displaced people are often located in environmentally fragile areas, which can be particularly negatively impacted by a sudden influx of new residents. The environment and natural resource management sector works to ensure that these potential impacts are mitigated as much as possible from the earliest stages of response, including during the site selection process before the camp is even established. Environment workers also oversee environmental management and rehabilitation projects, such as forest conservation, tree planting and the establishment of green belts and woodlots in areas surrounding camps.

    The UN World Food Programme (WFP) and its implementing partners provide food assistance and fight hunger and malnutrition in humanitarian settings, whether through direct distribution or in exchange for work.

    In addition to establishing health clinics and providing care, health actors undertake education campaigns on the prevention and management of health concerns, such as hand washing and sanitation.

    The SAFE task force combined traditional, school-based education and the information, education and communication (IEC) sectors into one.IEC is a process of raising public awareness to promote positive behavior change through different kinds of learning, including messaging campaigns, demonstrations, dissemination of printed materials, radio or drama and other creative mechanisms. IEC is frequently associated with health activities (promoting breastfeeding, for example), but can be used to raise awareness and spread information about a wide variety of topics. Schools and other learning environments for children and young people are also key venues for awareness raising and information sharing. In many displacement settings, school feeding programs are used to encourage school attendance, reduce burdens on families and improve child nutrition.


    No Place to Go But Up: Urban Refugees in Johannesburg, South Africa

    As part of a year-long study on urban refugee livelihoods, the Women’s Refugee Commission undertook a field assessment trip to Johannesburg, South Africa, in March/April 2011. The assessment focused on refugees‘ economic coping strategies, associated protection risks and potential market opportunities. This study focused on Somali and Congolese refugees in the inner city and Zimbabwean refugees and poor South Africans in Alexander township.

    We Have No Choice: Safe Access to Firewood in DRC

    The Women's Refugee Commission and the World Food Programme conducted an assessment in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo on access to cooking fuel. This report covers their findings and recommendations.

    Dawn in the City: Guidance for Achieving Self-Reliance for Urban Refugees

    More than 50 percent of refugees now live in urban areas. Eighty percent are hosted by developing nations and 42 percent reside in countries whose per capita GDP is below 3,000 USD. Arriving in cities that are unable to keep pace with the needs of their own burgeoning populations, most refugees live in poverty, in densely populated slums with few services. To help improve understanding of the reality urban refugees face, the Women’s Refugee Commission developed a guidance document that highlights both the livelihood and protection challenges and the opportunities for urban refugees.

    Preventing Gender-based Violence, Building Livelihoods: Guidance and Tools for Improved Programming

    Women displaced by conflict or natural disaster adopt new strategies to provide for themselves and their families. These new strategies often place them at risk of gender-based violence. This guidance is based on promising practices on how to design safe economic programs and livelihood activities.

    See also our e-learning tool http://www.womensrefugeecommission.org/ … ivelihoods

    Arrested Development: Colombian Youth in Panama

    There are numerous young Colombian refugees living in Panama's cities. But urban violence and the lack of work or educational opportunities hold them back. Learn about our findings and recommendations to improve their prospects.

    Shifting Sands: Risk and Resilience among Refugee Youth in Cairo

    Young men and women displaced in Cairo, Egypt, face many barriers to both their learning and earning opportunities. Read about the WRC's assessment findings and recommendations on how to improve their prospects.