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    Why Record Numbers of African Migrants Are Showing Up at the U.S.-Mexican Border

    One recent June week, the United States stopped a record number of African refugees and migrants at its southern border. Hundreds of people fleeing violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Somalia, Sudan, and beyond are embarking on journeys to South America either by boat or plane and then, on foot, making the long and treacherous trek north through Colombia and Panama on their way to the United States....

    In a recent report, the Women’s Refugee Commission recounted horrifying stories of gang rape and of women being sold from one smuggler to another.

    Cómo responder al fenómeno migratorio

    Por Tatiana Brofft, Ana Macouzet y Marcela Valdivia
    Julio 2019

    Leer en ingles.

    El ascenso político de Donald Trump ha cimbrado la relación entre Estados Unidos y México. El objetivo del presidente Trump de limitar al máximo la inmigración a ese país es una de las principales fuentes de tensión. Por más de un año, su interés en alcanzar un acuerdo de tercer país seguro ha sido un elefante blanco en la relación bilateral. Tanto el gobierno de Enrique Peña Nieto como el de Andrés Manuel López Obrador manejaron las conversaciones en torno a este tema con secrecía, pero presuntas filtraciones a Político y The Washington Post en mayo y julio de 2018 lo colocaron en la agenda pública. Las notas periodísticas desataron la oposición de líderes de opinión, así como la de organizaciones de derechos humanos y protección a migrantes.

    Ante las recientes amenazas estadounidenses de imponer aranceles a las importaciones mexicanas, México acordó que en 90 días disminuiría la migración mediante el reforzamiento del control migratorio. De no ser exitoso, México se comprometió a considerar un acuerdo de tercer país seguro, evidenciando que había sido acorralado hacia lo que hasta entonces había calificado como inaceptable.

    Ver el artículo completo en Foreign Affairs Latino America.

    How to respond to migration

    By Tatiana Brofft, Ana Macouzet y Marcela Valdivia
    July 2019

    This article first appeared in Foreign Affairs Latino America (in Spanish)

    The political rise of Donald Trump has rocked the relationship between the United States and Mexico. President Trump’s efforts to severely limit immigration to the U.S. is one of the main sources of tension. For over a year, his attempts to reach a safe third-country agreement has been the white elephant in the bilateral relation. The governments of both Enrique Peña Nieto and Andrés Manuel López Obrador kept secret the conversations on this topic, but alleged leaks to Politico and The Washington Post in May and July 2018 placed it on the public agenda. The news stories unleashed opposition from opinion leaders, as well as from human rights and migrant rights organizations.

    In the face of recent U.S. threats to impose tariffs on Mexican imports, Mexico agreed that in 90 days it would reduce immigration by strengthening its immigration control. If it failed, Mexico committed to consider a safe third-country agreement, revealing that it had been coerced into what up to that point it had defined as unacceptable.